Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
ERCP is a procedure that combines upper endoscopy and x-rays to treat or diagnose problems of the bile and pancreatic ducts, including when they become narrow or blocked. ERCP usually takes 1-2 hours. Before, patients are given a sedative to help relax, or in some cases, general anesthesia. The doctor then gently passes an endoscope with a tiny camera on the tip down the esophagus, through the stomach, and into the upper small intestine. The endoscope pumps air into the stomach and upper small intestine, making them easier to see. If treatment is needed, the doctor may pass tiny tools through the endoscope to apply care or biopsy problem areas. After, the patient rests in the recovery area till the sedation wears off.